According to Sociology Dictionary, Thomas theorem states that “If we define something as real, or believe that something is real, it is real in its consequences.” This post provides clarity on this topic and gives examples of the theorem’s application.
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When two people interact with each other, one of the following three events occurs: They agree; they disagree but continue interacting; or they stop interacting. The first event is termed convergence, the second divergence, and the third irrelevance. Convergence means both parties come to a consensus about what should be done—divergence means they don’t agree on what should be done, but keep going anyway (maybe they agree on some things, disagree about others), and irrelevance means one or both parties give up and walk away.
Thomas theorem is a concept formulated by the American sociologist William Isaac Thomas (1863–1967) that ‘”*facts” do not have a uniform existence apart from the persons who observe and interpret them.’
According to the theory, reality is defined as a set of ‘facts’ observed by an individual at a given moment and remembered by that individual as an accurate representation of past events.
The Thomas Theorem suggests that the social context of an individual determines what they perceive as facts and reality.
In cases where people disagree with each other about a particular ruling, they have different perspectives on tackling the issue.
Therefore, the actual issue being discussed matters less than the social situation surrounding it regarding the perceived facts.
Thomas principle is an interpretation of Thomas theorem – social perception. It shows that consequences are more normal than scientific knowledge about the behavior of people and human beings in everyday life. This is because it is more important to recognize social circumstances than find scientific facts about nature. As a consequence, this knowledge can be used to predict the social behavior of people and politicians in social and political life. Using the same meaning, consequences are more real than reality.
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The ‘Thomas theorem’ concept has many applications in human life and law enforcement when addressing issues that cause conflict amongst the parties involved. Often, parties to a dispute do not agree because they have fundamentally different perceptions of the same events or occurrences.
Thomas theorem can be used in several ways to overcome these disputes. For instance, law enforcement can be applied when two parties involved in a conflict disagree on what occurred during an event or occurrence.
Both of these parties’ versions of the events must be recorded before arguing about other matters, such as who is at fault.
**Robert lives in a trailer with his girlfriend Dorothy, and they are both unemployed. Robert is an alcoholic who likes to drink every day after work until he passes out on the couch. He leaves groceries on the kitchen counter to rot because he cannot afford to buy more.
Dorothy has been complaining about this for a long time, and her frustration is mounting as the days go by. She puts up with Robert’s drinking because they are short of money already. Yesterday, he lost his job after spending the night in jail while being intoxicated at work.
Scenario 2 – Conflict Resolution
**Dorothy has been asking Robert to quit drinking for some time now, but he refuses because he likes having one or two drinks after work. Dorothy keeps the groceries in a separate room so that when Robert does not buy anything at all, she can at least eat something of quality before they run out of money again.
The meaning of Thomas theorem is that consequences are more accurate and essential than facts. By using the same sense, effects are more real than reality.
According to Thomas, realist’s consequences mean consequences for people and society – social consequences, whereas facts mean scientific facts – facts about knowledge of nature, not consequences for social life.
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The theory is used as an argument against knowledge about reality. If we accept the Thomas Theorem, we can explain reality in terms of human experience – social behavior and social understanding – a new interpretation of reality because a consequence is more normal than truth.
In this respect, it can be used to interpret consequences for people and society – social consequences. In contrast, scientific knowledge cannot be used to analyze social effects because knowledge is a consequence of social reality.
In law enforcement, Thomas Theorem shows the importance of consequences for people and society – social consequences. At the same time, scientific knowledge is not essential.
Therefore, consequences that are more typical than truth can be used as a new interpretation of reality in law enforcement because a consequence is more normal than truth.
The meaning of Thomas theorem can be extended to any other area of life because nature is not independent but depends on our interpretation. Therefore consequences are more regular than truth.
In law enforcement, science deals only with facts and not their interpretation by realists. Consequently, scientific theories may differ: results of different experiments may be interpreted in different ways.
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In business, consequences are more accurate and important than facts. By using the same meaning, effects are more accurate than reality.
The main point of Thomas Theorem in business is that consequences are more typical than truth. In this respect, the interpretation of knowledge about reality by managers – their behavior – is more important than scientific facts about nature.
Facts show different results varying according to the place and time. In contrast, realists show their behavior in other places and times because consequences are more typical than truth or facts about knowledge of nature.
In politics, consequences are more natural and essential than facts. Using the same meaning, results are more accurate than reality. In this respect, social consequences can be used to interpret knowledge about the political behavior of people and politicians. In contrast, scientific facts about nature cannot analyze these consequences in politics or social life.
Social reality is not based on scientific knowledge but social perception – a consequence, because according to Thomas realists, consequences mean consequences for people and society – social consequences.
In education, the meaning of Thomas theorem is that knowledge about reality is a consequence – human knowledge which depends on social life; whereas scientific facts are not important because they depend only on our interpretation.
Consequently, the main point here is that consequences are more real than reality, because the main purpose of education is to make people socialize, not to find scientific knowledge about nature.
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The meaning of the Thomas Theorem essay is: that it is not important to recognize reality, because we depend on our interpretation or perception of the consequences. It means, in everyday life, we depend only on our point of view – different points of view about one event or object in social life.
For example, you and your friends may have different points of view about one event or person in your social life. The meaning of this definition is that consequences are more real than scientific knowledge about nature because it depends only on our interpretation.
A Situation is a state of affairs, conditions or circumstances. In other words, the situation means circumstances that can change in social life and may have different meanings. This means that consequences are more real because social knowledge depends only on our interpretation.
You and your friends can interpret a certain situation differently – this interpretation may affect your behavior later on as you gather information about the situation.
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According to the realist view, facts are real things that we can know and agree upon. In contrast, Thomas’s theory holds that: (a) We know reality only through our interpretations; (b) These interpretations are real entities as ‘facts’ but they do not have real existence apart from the realist view, which holds that facts are real things which we can know and agree upon.
Some of the terminology with which realists describe the difference between fact and value includes: *fact – what is; *value – how we feel about it; *reality – what happens out there; *truth – what is so. This adage is used to distinguish between realist and Thomas realist views: ‘I am real; therefore I exist.’