Self-directed learning, also known as self-learning, is the process of acquiring knowledge and skills by making one’s own educational choices. It has been studied in psychology under human motivation. Some educators believe that self-directed learners are motivated by curiosity rather than extrinsic rewards like grades and praise.
Self-directed learning also appears to lead to higher levels of personal satisfaction with one’s education. Self-directed learners take responsibility for their own education. They make the following decisions for their learning process:
|• They decide what content to study|
• Self-educators determine how much time they spend studying each day
• They choose when they take breaks from studying
• Self-directed learners choose their learning activities and learning resources
• They set their learning goals and strategies
• Self-educators monitor their own progress
• They self-assess their learning outcomes.
How Does the Self-directed Learning Process Happen?
In a self-directed learning process, the learner has to be proactive and take responsibility for their education. They can accomplish this by having an open mind to new knowledge, knowing what they want to achieve, setting goals, and creating plans to achieve these goals. This requires active participation in one’s learning processes. The following are the steps involved in self-directed learning:
Determine your readiness to learn
Independent learning isn’t for the faint-hearted. There are different aspects to this process, and that is why readiness is key. If you’re planning to start a project on self-directed learning, make sure you have the following in place:
|• Know what you want to learn|
• Understand your motivation
• Be fully aware of your abilities
• Understand the challenges involved
• Have the necessary material resources to enable you to self-learn
Identify your learning needs
This step involves a deep self-evaluation. If you are really set on learning something, it means there’s a gap in your knowledge circle- the only way to fill this gap is by doing research. You can easily do this by following these steps:
- List your areas of concern
- Find out about available options for each area of concern and shortlist the ones you want to focus on.
- Structure your research. Organize and prioritize your areas of concern. Make sure that the greatest need or gap gets the most attention.
Formulating learning goals is an essential step for formal and informal learning. It can be in the form of short-term or long-term goals. Short-term learning goals are referred to as milestones. They help you gain confidence in your pursuit of knowledge and skills acquisition. These milestones enable you to celebrate accomplishments by marking specific achievements along the way.
Long-term goals are the overall aims that you have for this learning experience. After you set milestones, you can start formulating your long-term goals. Make them specific and achievable so that you don’t get discouraged when things get tough along the way.
Create a plan
Once you’ve decided on what you want to learn, generate a plan or schedule to achieve your goals. Planning involves searching for relevant learning opportunities, choosing the best option to pursue, and taking action.
It’s time to take action! As the saying goes, there is no better time than now. This phase involves taking action and putting your plan into practice. Start by following the path you have decided on and note how it feels to be an active participant in your learning journey.
Self-directed learning has been said to lead to higher levels of personal satisfaction with one’s education. When you control your learning, you can learn what you want instead of sticking to the curriculum dictated by people who don’t know your needs or interests.
Self-directed learners take responsibility for their own education and make decisions throughout the entire process.
Choose your learning style depending on your needs, goals ad the time you have. The three main approaches are surface approach, deep approach, and strategic approach.
The aim is to learn the basics of a topic. The teachings are general so that they can be applied across different contexts. Learning through this approach is useful when you want to gain an overall view or understanding of a subject.
A common method used in surface learning is reading articles, books, and manuals about the given topic. Learners choose to learn in their own time with no supervision. They are self-reliant and able to set learning goals on their own.
This approach is very focused on getting a complete understanding of the concepts involved in the given subject. It focuses on learning about one concept at a time. The self-taught learners have more opportunities for practicing without supervision. In this approach, learners often go back to the basics and strive to understand them thoroughly before moving on to other topics.
A technique used in deep learning is testing yourself by answering questions or solving problems after studying a particular topic. This gives you an idea of how much you know about the subject matter and what you should do to improve.
In strategic learning, learners should work independently or in groups with limited supervision from instructors. It provides opportunities for students to learn how to use resources available and make connections between different concepts they have learned.
One technique used in this approach is making a knowledge map. This map shows how different concepts are linked together and apply to one another and the subject.
The last step in self-education is evaluating learning outcomes. Ask yourself if the time spent learning was worth it. Was your effort fruitful? If you feel that something is missing, go back to your plan and see where you went wrong.
You can also use tools to help with your learning experience, such as checklists, rubrics, or lists of criteria to assess skills development. During the evaluation, you can:
- Refer to your initially-listed learning needs to see how many of them have been satisfied
- Go through your short-term and long-term goals and evaluate your level of achievement
- Explore the learning environment and determine if it was suitable for your needs
- Consider how you can improve on your next educational endeavor.
There’s another type of self-directed learning that isn’t about achieving specific goals or enjoying a particular subject. This kind involves embracing life as a learner and accepting that there’s always something to learn every day. It’s the type of learning that changes your life for the better and helps you become a wiser person.
Tips for Becoming an Effective Self-directed Learner
- Identify your reasons for wanting to educate yourself further. Think about what makes this endeavor important to you and what values it can teach you.
- Effectively manage your time. This means scheduling your day to have enough time for all the activities in your plan. Delegating tasks that can be done by someone else or postponing them if they are not urgent is advisable.
- Create a supportive environment where it’s safe to ask questions and where it’s okay not to have the answers all the time.
- Don’t be afraid to ask for help. There is so much information on the internet that you will always find someone who can assist you. If this isn’t enough, remember that many schools or libraries provide free tutoring services open to everyone.
- Take a break from learning when you feel exhausted. It’s not going to do you any good if you burn out.
- Learn how to say “no.” Remember that it’s okay not to be involved in every activity or help with every project.
- Acknowledge your fear of failure and find ways of dealing with it instead of avoiding it. You have to accept that failing at something is not the end of the world but think about improving your performance next time.
- If necessary, make yourself accountable to someone else by asking them to keep you on track with your learning plan.
- Stay in touch with people you feel comfortable with and talk to them about your feelings. It’s easy to get confused when you’re in the process of learning, so talking to like-minded people will help you clear things up and see the bigger picture.
Benefits of Self-directed Learning
- It provides you with the opportunity to engage in something that interests you and apply your skills
- You can control your learning path and pick topics that are relevant to you
- It gives you the chance to gain new skills which are helpful in your career or personal life
- You can follow different approaches and explore different learning strategies
- There is no pressure to perform or compete with others, so you can feel relaxed and comfortable carrying out this project.
- Self-directed learning helps you become more flexible and allows you to face new challenges easily.
- Self-direction helps you build confidence and self-esteem.
- People always learn better when they are interested in the subject matter.
- When you study independently, it’s easy to connect new ideas with old ones and recall information that you have previously learned.
- Self-directed learning encourages critical thinking and builds problem-solving abilities.
Challenges of Self-directed Learning
- Time management and planning. It can be difficult and tedious to plan your time, especially if you have a busy schedule filled with other obligations. Having too much on your plate can result in you feeling overwhelmed and exhausted more often than not.
- Self-discipline is also a major issue, as it’s easy to get distracted when you’re learning something new.
- It may prove challenging to stay motivated when distractions constantly surround you. Some people prefer watching television or going out with their friends, rather than spending hours completing an assignment.
- Your knowledge may not be sufficient to grasp the topic you’re trying to study, so it’s not easy to stay interested in learning new things.
- It will be challenging and frustrating if you don’t have the necessary skills or background knowledge to complete a specific task.
- People with a dependent personality find it challenging to do an independent study since they are used to teacher-directed learning.
Who is Eligible for Self-teaching?
Independent study is for any human being who cares about personal growth. Below are the most common categories of self-directed learners:
Adult education has gained popularity over the years, with people of all ages taking up learning activities. It’s never too late to improve yourself- you are never too young or old to learn something new.
This type of learning could include exploring different cultures, learning history, or developing essential skills like time management. Adult learning has numerous benefits and is available and accessible worldwide.
Even if you have a demanding job and other responsibilities, you can dedicate your time to learning something new to improve yourself. Studies show that the average person spends less than an hour a day learning something new.
You can read books, take online classes or learn from your friends and family members. You can even use your free time to educate yourself about a topic of interest.
It’s never too early to start teaching our children about the importance of education. Parents are encouraged to expose their children to different learning activities to inspire them and strengthen bonds with them.
Adults usually have more responsibilities than children. It’s essential to find the perfect balance between work and personal projects not to feel overwhelmed.
Most students study to pass exams and go through a curriculum. However, others love learning skills and acquiring new knowledge outside the classroom. These students have embraced self-directed learning as the only way to stay ahead of the rest and find satisfaction.
Learning Resources for Self-directed Study
There are plenty of learning resources that allow you to educate yourself for free. Even paid courses are an excellent way to learn something new without spending a lot of money.
Self-teaching books: Books are top on the list, especially when it comes to subjects like history and literature. With books, you can spend hours and hours reading and learning about a subject of interest. You can also find books that teach you to study better and take notes, so they will prove helpful when you need them the most.
Audiobooks: Audiobooks are an excellent way to learn while driving or doing other activities that don’t require your full attention. You can listen to a lecture or a story and learn something new.
Online courses: There are plenty of online courses that offer the best in personal development, e-learning, business skills, and other subjects.
Relaxation sounds: Your brain can get overwhelmed if you’re learning something new, especially if it’s challenging. Relaxation sounds are a great way to enhance your concentration and focus on the task at hand without external distractions.
Self-directed learning is an enriching experience that has many benefits. It tests your strengths and weaknesses, helps you discover things about yourself, builds confidence, and expands your knowledge base. But, it may also be frustrating and confusing.
Successful self-education takes time and effort, but it is well worth the result. Set clear and realistic goals, apply appropriate learning strategies, and be kind to yourself. Seek as much help as you need and get a solid support system to keep you motivated throughout the journey.