Biological Theory of Crime- Explanation and Examples

Biological Theory of Crime- Explanation and Examples

Introduction Cesare Lombroso developed the biological theory of crime, a theory based on the fact that criminal behavior can be traced down to physical characteristics. For example, some individuals are born with a mental abnormality and therefore are predisposed to criminality. According to Lombroso’s 19th-century scientific study, one can observe the physical characteristics of the…

Theory of Differential Opportunity- All you Should Know

Theory of Differential Opportunity- All you Should Know

Introduction Every person has the same opportunity to achieve great things. Every person has the same access to resources and information, but not everyone will benefit from that. Differential opportunity theory explains why some people will succeed in life and others won’t, even if they have the exact same skills. If they can use their…

Social Learning Theory in Criminology Fully Explained

Social Learning Theory in Criminology Fully Explained

Introduction The social learning theory is a sub-branch of the learning theory that Albert Bandura and his associates developed. This theory includes what is known as observational learning and operant conditioning. In these two types of learning, one’s behaviors can be learned or acquired through different mechanisms. Observational Learning It is a type of learning…

Critical Criminology-What it is, Theories, and Example Essay

Critical Criminology-What it is, Theories, and Example Essay

Introduction Critical criminology is a way of looking at crime and deviance as something not inherent in humanity. Instead, it’s a result of the social and economic conditions in society. Critical criminology is multi-disciplinary, meaning it draws from several different academic disciplines, including sociology, philosophy, history, politics, and others, to analyze the crime. Criminological Theory:…

Edwin Sutherland-Theory, Biography, and Quotes

Edwin Sutherland-Theory, Biography, and Quotes

Edwin’s Theory of Differential Association In 1940, Edwin Sutherland introduced a new theory in his presidential address at the American Sociological Society, titled Differential Association. The theory states that criminal behavior is learned. It is a result of differential associations between an individual and the individuals who participate in criminal acts. Sutherland argued that a…

Looking Glass Self Theory By Cooley-Definition and Examples

Looking Glass Self Theory By Cooley-Definition and Examples

Introduction The looking glass self-theory by Charles Horton Cooley (1922) is one of the most influential concepts in symbolic interactionism. It can be defined as a person’s mental representation of their personality. It is derived from the way a person thinks that others perceive them. The looking glass self-theory is an example of self-concept theory….

Conflict Theorists you Should Know

Conflict Theorists you Should Know

Introduction The term ‘conflict theory’ refers to the school of thought that emerged in the 1950s and 1960s. The key proponents were Marxists, who believed that the main driving force in society was conflict. Conflict theory contained two sub-theories, critical theory and rational choice theory. Critical Theory Critical theorists have been most influential in criminology….

Conflict Criminology Theory- Examples and Applications

Conflict Criminology Theory- Examples and Applications

Introduction Conflict criminology is a subfield of criminology that studies the relationship between social conflict and criminal behavior. It focuses on how interpersonal conflicts can lead to criminal activities such as robbery or homicide. This field has been studied since at least the late 1800s when it was first noted that crime rates were higher…

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